EDWARD BURTYNSKY (b 1955)
Edward Burtynsky is a Canadian artist renowned for his sustained investigation of the “indelible human signature” on the planet, caused by incursions into the landscape on an industrial scale. Burtynsky’s large scale aerial photographs reference the sublime and often surreal qualities of human-altered landscapes with an abstracted painterly language. Chronicling the major themes of terraforming and extraction, urbanisation and deforestation, Burtynsky conveys the unsettling reality of sweeping resource depletion and extinction. Burtynsky says: “Our dependence on nature to provide the materials for our consumption and our concern for the health of our planet sets us into an uneasy contradiction. For me, these images function as reflecting pools of our times.”
Burtynsky’s recent work stems from The Anthropocene Project, a multidisciplinary investigation into human impact on the planet, created in collaboration with Jennifer Baichwal and Nicholas de Pencier. The Anthropocene Project is a touring museum exhibition, a feature-length documentary film, and a book published by Steidl.
Edward Burtynsky’s works are in the collections of over sixty museums around the world, including Museum of Modern Art and Guggenheim, New York; Tate, London; Los Angeles County Museum of Art, California; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, Madrid; and the National Gallery of Canada. Exhibitions have included Anthropocene (currently an international touring exhibition); Water (2013) at the New Orleans Museum of Art & Contemporary Art Center, New Orleans, Louisiana (international touring exhibition); Oil (2009) at the Corcoran Gallery of Art in Washington D.C. (five-year international touring show), China (toured 2005 - 2008); Manufactured Landscapes at the National Gallery of Canada (touring from 2003 - 2005); and Breaking Ground produced by the Canadian Museum of Contemporary Photography (touring from 1988 - 1992).
Edward Burtynsky and filmmakers Jennifer Baichwal and Nicholas de Pencier have created a trilogy of films - Manufactured Landscapes (2006), Watermark (2013), and Anthropocene (2018). Burtynsky received the inaugural TED Prize in 2005; and won the Tiffany Mark award in 2012. In 2006, he was named an Officer of the Order of Canada; and in 2016 he received the Governor General’s Award for Visual Arts. He holds six honorary doctorate degrees. His distinctions also include the National Magazine Award; MOCCA award; Outreach Award at Rencontres d’Arles; ICP Infinity Award; the Kraszna Krausz Book Award; and was honoured as Master of Photography at Photo London in 2018.
In the Spring of 2020, Edward Burtynsky found himself in mandated lockdown in Grey County, Ontario due to the ongoing coronavirus pandemic. The lockdown presented him with an opportunity to get out into the surrounding landscape, new camera in hand, and begin focusing on Nature as his subject matter. The result is a new series titled Natural Order, which recalls Burtynsky's earliest works as a photographer.
The Anthropocene Project, created in collaboration with Canadian filmmakers Jennifer Baichwal and Nicholas de Pencier is a multidisciplinary investigation into human impact on the planet. The projectincludes a touring museum exhibition, a book, and a feature-length documentary film. Burtynsky's photographs in the Anthropocene series demonstrate what he calls the "indelible human signature" on the planet, caused by incursions into the landscape on an industrial scale. Chronicling the major themes of terraforming and extraction, urbanisation and deforestation, Burtynsky conveys the unsettling reality of sweeping resource depletion and extinction.
In these photographs, taken from both aerial and subterranean perspectives, and presented at a large scale, the patterns and scars of human-altered landscapes appear to form an abstracted painterly language. From the graduating tonal grids of turquoise and green-gold formed by the expansive lithium extraction ponds on the salt flats of the Atacama desert, to psychedelic fossil-like whorls formed by anthroturbation (human tunnelling) within the potash mines in Russia's Ural Mountains, they reference the sublime and often surreal qualities of human mark-making.
Anthropocene is published by Steidl; the film ANTHROPOCENE: The Human Epoch will be released in the UK in 2020.
In Salt Pans, Burtynsky conveys both the sublime aesthetic qualities of the industrialised landscape and the unsettling reality of depleting resources on the planet, through a series of geometric compositions photographed from the air above the Little Rann of Kutch in Gujarat, India. Burtynsky's images of the salt pans are composed from a topographical perspective, with a dizzying frontal aspect that flattens the grid-like network of wells, pans and vehicle tracks into equally weighted pictorial elements of line, form and space. Burtynsky refers to this abstracted all-over composition as "the democratic distribution of light and space across the whole field", drawing the eye to the surface, and immersing the viewer in its detail. Both formalist and elegiac, they explore, as Burtynsky sees it, an "ancient method of providing one of the most basic elements of our diet; as primitive industry and as abstract two-dimensional human marks upon the landscape."
Salt Pans is published by Steidl
Weaving together the various roles that water plays in everyday life, Burtynsky has undertaken an ambitious representation of water's fragmented life cycle. Often from an aerial perspective, the photographs take on a unique abstraction and painterly quality. Many of the large format colour photographs in this series focus our attention not on water itself, but on the systems that humans have put in place in order to harness, shape and commodify it.
Both beautiful and haunting, Burtynsky's Water creates a compelling global portrait that illustrates humanity's past, present and future relationship with the natural world and its most vital and rapidly depleting resource.
Water was accompanied by the film Watermark co-directed with Jennifer Baichwal (released theatrically in Canada by Mongrel Media) and is published by Steidl.
Oil is a series of photographs chronicling the production, distribution and use of one of the world's most critical resources.His photographs of oil fields and refineries to modern road networks and manufacturing, Burtynsky's images show oil both as an enabling source of energy, and as an ongoing threat to our habitat. In this series, Burtynsky focuses on the automobile, which he considers one of the most significant features of the twentieth century. He has said: "The automobile is the main basis for our modern industrial world, giving us a certain freedom and changing our world dramatically. The automobile was made possible because of the invention of the internal combustion engine and its utilization of both oil and gasoline. The raw material and the refining process contained both the idea and an interesting visual component for me."
Oil is published by Steidl and won the KrasznaKrausz Book Award, UK in 2010.
Edward Burtynsky's Quarries create the impression of inverted architectural landscapes, created in pursuit of raw materials. To create these images of open-pit mines Burtynsky went in search of the spectacular reversed perspective that he had long imagined when studying the structural development of the growing modern city. His approach often involved the compression of space and scale, using a frontal perspective.
Burtynsky said, "Open-pit mines, funnelling down, were to me like inverted pyramids. Photographing quarries was a deliberate act of going out to try to find something in the world that would match the kinds of forms in my imagination. I was excited by the striking patinas on the walls of the abandoned quarries. The surface of the rock-face would simultaneously reveal the process of its own creation, as well as display the techniques of the quarrymen. I likened the tenacious trees and pools of water to nature's sentinels awaiting the eventual retreat of man and machine - to begin the slow process of reclamation."
In this series, Edward Burtynsky presents photographs of the remnant and newly established zones of Chinese industrialization, creating images that are at once arresting and unsettling. Using diplomatic channels, Burtynsky gained rare access to these sites, offering a privileged glimpse of the vast social and economic transformation currently underway in China. Burtynsky's images communicate the enormity of the transition towards large-scale urbanization as more workers relocated for employment in the manufacturing industries. Produced over a period of three years, the photographs represent new manufacturing landscapes in Southern and Eastern China, created to produce more and more of the world's goods; the toxic side effects of e-waste recycling by hand; the burgeoning shipbuilding industry, large-scale urban transformation and the ground-breaking construction of China's vast Three Gorges Dam.
China is published by Steidl and was nominated for the Deutsche Börse Prize.